Henri Matisse Cut Outs and How He Carved into Color

The resilience of Henri Matisse cut outs as he deals with chronic pain in his later years

Henri Matisse cut outs came about because chronic illness had made painting more difficult. The painter made his name by putting brush to canvas and when he no longer had eye muscle and proper hand-coordination, he made his mark all over again by putting scissors to paper. A flickery home movie of an elderly Henri Matisse shows the artist in a hurry with his giant scissors, cutting asymmetrical, floppy leaf forms out of paper. He compared cutting to the feeling of flying. He enjoyed being able to move them around to contemplate their respective positions within his composition.

Henri Matisse in studio working with cutouts
Henri Matisse in his studio with assistants who would rectangular sheets of paper from large rolls

Henri Matisse cut outs technique may have originated from his influence growing up in a textile region in France. The paper cut-outs have a dressmaker’s pattern influence. The studio that he worked in had many textiles for inspiration surrounding him. According to his grandson Paul, he enjoyed using this technique right up unto the end of his life.

“An artist should never be a prisoner of himself, prisoner of style, prisoner of reputation, prisoner of success”

Henri Matisse
Henri Matissein bed at studio composing cutout pieces with long stick

It was noted by friends, family, and colleagues that Matisse had an intensity about him and that he loved to work. He could not stop creating no matter what his physical condition. A type of wilfulness that is indispensable when producing commissioned artwork while in chronic pain.

Henri Matisse The Parakeet and the Mermaid, c. 1952
The Parakeet and the Mermaid, c. 1952

Henri Matisse Cut Outs Paint Process

The color on his cut-outs was produced using gouache—a water-based, opaque, quick-drying, matte paint that consists of pigment, binder, and often a white pigment or filler to increase opacity. Matisse purchased a wide range of colors at supply houses in Paris and Nice, choosing tubes based on color and freshness. Studio assistants cut rectangular sheets of paper from large rolls. Gouache, thinned with water, was applied to paper and then weighted until dry. Some sheets had a more dense application of gouache and some more visibly retained the brushstrokes.

Matisse’s Cut Out

Source: MOMA, CBS this morning Meggie Miao, Mike Levine, SUNY Purchase

Irish Eggs (Scottish Eggs), A Classic Irish Dish

This Irish Egg recipe came from Clodagh McKenna in her book Clodagh’s Irish Kitchen. This recipe was Scrumptious. The heartiest meal that I have had in months. Packed with protein that will last in your body for a long time. Irish Eggs are best paired with something lite. I paired mine with an arugula and artichoke salad or perhaps you might try a pickled slaw on the side that would make a perfect match! Her recipe calls for blood sausage that sounds divine and traditional however it was not available in my local market. My substitute was Italian Sweet Sausage that worked out great!

Scotch Eggs just before frying
Scotch Eggs photo by Nancy Tranter
Scotch Eggs photo by Nancy Tranter
Scotch Eggs photo by Nancy Tranter recipe by Clodagh McKenna

Irish Egg Tips

  1. Wet hands before molding meat patties. I had a little bowl nearby for dipping my hands in.
  2. I highly suggest the use of the dry hand – wet hand technique for coating eggs. That way you can avoid battered fingers.

Popularity of Irish Eggs

According to YouGov, Irish Eggs or Scotch eggs were found to be among Britain’s least liked foodstuffs in 2019. However in 2020, following controversy as to whether Scotch eggs were considered a substantial meal necessary for pubs, cafés, and restaurants to stay open during the COVID-19 pandemic, more people began to buy the hearty big egg.

History of Scotch Eggs

The earliest known published recipe titled Scottish eggs dates to 1807. Maria Ketelby Rundell’s version published that year is found verbatim in several cookbooks from that period time. “Boil hard five pullet’s eggs, and without removing the white, cover completely with a fine relishing forcemeat in which let scraped ham or chopped anchovy bear a due proportion. Fry a beautiful yellow-brown, and serve with a good gravy in the dish.” The origin of the dish is hotly debated by culinary enthusiasts. It ranges from a claim by Fortnum & Mason of London that they invented the dish in 1738 and served it to the Prince of Wales and the Royal family regularly. Another theory as to their origin begins much earlier in India. In the very early 1600s, the East Indian Company was formed and trade began between the British and India. Some believe Scotch eggs evolved from an Indian dish called Nargisi Kofta, which is made by wrapping hard-boiled eggs in minced lamb and cooking them. 

source: @clodagh_mckenna, yougov, wiki, A Caledonian Feast by Annette Hope

Vector Mandala Digital Art Designs

Vector Mandala Digital Art file Motif (Digital File) http://ow.ly/nxgW50ExgKb Contains everything you need to start creating beautiful mandala art serpentine designs

Vector Mandala Digital Art Design is available for purchase at nancystoreonline.comThe Mandala evokes the collective archetype of the circle, with no beginning, no end. It is inclusive, as Egypt’s richly polytheistic culture tended to accommodate, rather than to exclude. The mandala is found universally; All cultures use the circle in their art and religious symbolism. The circle is inherent in the human unconscious.

A colorful tibetan mandala in a monastery
a colorful tibetan mandala in a monastery

INCLUDED WITH THE PURCHASE OF THIS LISTING OF Vector Mandala Digital Art:

Perfect for logos, posters, print advertisements and on the web. Complex complementary color palette.The Borders and frames have a unique design, and can easily be adapted to fit any rectangular or square shape. Some designs are 100% vector and have editable strokes which allow you to change the weight/thickness of the lines.

Vector Mandala Digital Art Designs by Motif Artist Nancy Tranter


FEATURES: contains 8 file format mandala design 
AI, PDF, EPS, JPEG, PNG, SVG, DXF, WMF
– High Resolution 800 dpi scalable vector format- 300 DPI for photographs- AI format Adobe Illustrator required for editing or compatible software that would accept an AI file
copywrite law: You are not allowed to claim this file as your own or resell the files.
Can be used for Commercial reasons. The licensed asset can appear in up to 5,000 end products for sale :
-Up to 5,000 physical or artistic design digital end products for sale-One business social media account owned and managed by the licensee-Unlimited physical advertisements for local markets-Digital paid advertisements with unlimited impressions-Broadcast and streaming for up to 500,000 lifetime viewersCannot be used for:-Native apps, web apps, or games
For more mandala art designs to purchase check out my nancystoreonline.com

click here to check out my fiber arts

source: my friends wedding, Jung, Ogden Goelet vectordesigns #middleeastern #egyptian #vector #motif #mandala #red #purple #weddinginvite #digitalfile #serpentine #egyptianmandala #blogging

Chimerical, Stygian Blue, and Hyperbolic the Existence of Impossible Colors

The graphic below is an impossible colors test

chimerical color theory: The image is on a 30 second animated delay which seems the best to view the chimera gif

Define Chimerical, Stygian Blue, Hyperbolic, What are these impossible colors? These forbidden colors have no basis in reality. Here is a little color theory tutorial.

The human eye can produce a phenomenon that has fatigued cone cells into enabling colors to be perceived in certain circumstances that would not be otherwise.

The chimerical definition is one that the colors don’t appear within the color space of human vision. 

As the name suggests they are a construct of the mind. They can be created by inducing a natural process of the eye called color fatigue. If you stare at a color for a long time your eye will temporarily displace the colorspace by the opposing color. The reason the human eye can’t perceive these colors is that signals from the rods (light-dark) and cones (red, green, blue) interpret signals in an antagonistic manner termed the opponent process. So if you stare at yellow, then black, for a short time you will perceive that black to contain blue. The color you are seeing is out of the range of visible colors. It is a pitch black blue; thus it is deemed an impossible color. Above are some examples of chimerical colors to feast your eyes upon. Continue to stare (without shifting your eyes) at one of the many crosses as the image changes.

When the image changes, the impossible colors should be revealed. Some people will see the colors more easily than others. The above image is on a 30-second delay which seems the best to view the chimera. The brightness of the device you are using to view the images will make a huge difference to the effectiveness, and also the effect will vary from person to person. The intensity of the effect increases with longer viewing durations. Chimerical colors don’t appear within the color space of human vision. They are a construct of the mind. They can be created by inducing a natural process of the eye called color fatigue. If you stare at a color for a long time your eye will temporarily displace the color space by the opposing color. So if you stare at yellow, then black, for a short time you will perceive that black to contain blue. The color you are seeing is out of the range of visible colors.
Chimerical colors include:

The stygian definition: these are simultaneously dark and impossibly saturated. 

For example, to see “stygian blue”: staring at bright yellow causes a dark blue afterimage, then on looking at black, the blue is seen as blue against the black, but due to lack of the usual brightness contrast it seems to be as dark as the black. The eye retina contains some neurons that fire only in the dark. The figure below figure also shows how normal after-image colors are produced. (The “f/p” in this figure stands for fatigue/potentiation.) Look at the “Acquired f/p vectors” which show that when a particular color is stared at for a long time, the opponent cells become fatigued and tend towards the middle of the cube (towards the 50%, 50%, 50% point). Then when the eye glances away to a different color background, that vector starts at the new color and points to the after-image color (see the “Re-situated f/p vector”). This example shows that the after-image color for red is green. Churchland goes on to explain that this theory can predict that it is possible to create several after-image colors that would be impossible to see on real objects. 

The following diagram shows how to create a blue after-image color that is darker than black (Stygian Blue)
stygian blue color theory: The following diagram shows how to create a blue after-image color that is darker than black (Stygian Blue)
Self-luminous colors: 

these mimic the effect of glowing material, even when viewed on a medium such as paper, which can only reflect and not emit its light. For example, to see “self-luminous red”: staring at green causes a red afterimage, then on looking at white, the red is seen against the white and may seem to be brighter than the white.

Hyperbolic colors: These are impossibly highly saturated for example, to see hyperbolic orange : 

Staring at bright cyan causes an orange afterimage, then on looking at orange, the resulting orange afterimage seen against the orange background may cause an orange color purer than the purest orange color that can be made by any normally-seen light. Or, staring at something pure magenta in bright sunlight for two minutes or more, and then looking at green leaves, may result in briefly seeing an abnormally pure green afterimage.

check out my store nancystoreonline.com

The graphic below is an impossible colors test

Hyperbolic color theory: The image is on a 30 second delay which seems the best to view the chimera gif
for my graphic design services check out nancytranter.com

What’s the deal with purple?

You may have heard that purple is not a “real” color. While violets are spectral colors, meaning there is a single wavelength of light for various hues of “violet”, “purple” is a combination of blue and red. Your brain interprets it as “purple.”

What resolution is the human eye? According to scientist and photographer Dr. Roger Clark, the resolution of the human eye is 576 megapixels.

check out my graphic design section for more indepth information

Tools and resources for purchase: 

Remarks on Colour by Wittgenstein, Ludwig (1991) Paperback Paperback – January 1, 1600
pantone color chart
color spectrometer
pantone capsure
Theory of Colours (The MIT Press) Paperback – March 15, 1970 by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

sources: color theory class Leonard Stokes, Wittgenstein on color, Goethe on color, goethe color theoryZachary Bosfrank, Heile, Wikipedia, Lindsay Kolowich, heDevilBehindTheLeaves,  Aaron. 

#Wittgenstein #Goethe #ZacharyBosfrank #Heile #Wikipedia #LindsayKolowich  #heDevilBehindTheLeaves #Aaron. #colortheory #color #stygian #hyperbolic #chimerical

Graphic Design Cooper-Hewitt immersion escape room where you can make your own wallpaper

Immersion Room using digital and projection technologies

This exhibition makes you feel like a genius. The Immersion Room on the second floor uses digital and projection technologies to bring the museum’s collection of wallcoverings, the largest and most notable in North America to life. Visitors who come to the Cooper Hewitt Museum receive an interactive pen, an all-access pass to the world of design. Visitors use the pen to copy any object in the museum and save it to their collection or experiment with creating their own designs.

http://www.cooperhewitt.org/events/opening-exhibitions/immersion-room/

CHM Press release- “This interactive space, formerly Margaret Carnegie’s bedroom, offers a unique experience: the ability to view Cooper Hewitt’s extraordinary collection of wallcoverings as never before.
You can select wallpapers from the Museum’s permanent collection and see them projected on the walls from floor to ceiling—for a vibrant, impactful, immersive sensory room experience. You can even play designer by creating your designs, or just stand back and watch as the wallpapers unfold across the immersive room.
More than just entertainment, the Immersion Room provides the first opportunity to discover Cooper Hewitt’s wallcoverings as they were intended to be viewed.

A damask-style sidewall design called “City Park” (2007) that contains strikingly modern imagery, including
a fire hydrant, parking meter, pigeons and rats

To complement the experience, several wallpapers are accompanied by audio clips. When you select one of these designs, an audio recording plays through speakers in the room, giving you additional information about that particular design or designer.

The experience is yet another way the new Cooper Hewitt is remaining true to the vision of its founders, Sarah and Eleanor Hewitt, who intended it as “a practical working laboratory,” where students and designers could be inspired by actual objects. Their 1897 vision of a museum and collection “for anyone who wanted to use it as a place to work and learn” seems radical, even by today’s standards, but it has guided the transformation of Cooper Hewitt into a design museum for the 21st century.”

Check out some of my favorite wallpapers and where to buy them on my pinterest

Check out my graphic design blog archives here

Check out my graphic design portfolio here

Source: Cooper Hewett Museam, The Immersion Room is made possible by major support from Amita and Purnendu Chatterjee.

Aquamarine Color of the Year 2015

Here we have Aquamarine Color of the Year schemes, paints, palettes, combinations, gradients and color space conversions.

Pantone’s Aquamarine hexadecimal color code is #9dc3d4 this is a medium light shade of cyan. In the RGB color model #9dc3d4 is comprised of 61.57% red, 76.47% green and 83.14% blue. In the HSL color space #9dc3d4 has a hue of 199° (degrees), 39% saturation and 72% lightness. This color has an approximate wavelength of 484.57 nm. The lead color for women for the Spring/Summer 2015 season, PANTONE 14-4313 Aquamarine is an airy blue with a dreamy feel. Cool and calming, ethereal Aquamarine is a shade with a wet and watery feel.

Aquamarine Color of the Year schemes, paints, palettes, combinations, gradients and color space conversions

Matching Digital Colors to Actual Paint Colors

Have you ever seen the perfect color on your wanderings? Your next project is how to translate the color you found into interior house paint. I am asked as a designer to select paint colors for my clients based on a digital image emailed to me or found on a website. Factors like scale, lighting, reflection and existing items influence color selection making it a multi-step task. So how do you start? Let me share my findings for Aquamarine. Here is the closest match that I approve of 249-2 VERSAILLES Valspar Interior Paint.

Matching Digital Colors to Actual Paint Colors Pantone Aquamarine 249-2 VERSAILLES Valspar Interior Paint.

Calm, cool, and delicate, warm tones describe the color trends this spring 2015 season, as mother nature brings so much beauty and a sense of relaxation. A relaxing and airy theme that Aquamarine Blue carries, washes away those winter blues and reinvents a new you; away from cold and into the sunshine. 

An invigorating and powerful Scuba Blue that brings along the fun, resembles the clear waters of Greece. This cool shade brings you to paradise or at least makes you feel as though you are there, if you have been dreaming of Spring to finally be here.

Bracelet Radiant Orchid Mix Gemstones Memory Wire Wrap
$45.00 nancystoronline.com
Aquamarine Crystal Bracelets available nancystoreonline.com

The reflection of the faceted beads is stunning. You will stand out with this bracelet because of its visual impact of colors and materials. These bracelets consist of a memory wire that wraps around your wrist. Different materials for this bracelet include Sterling silver beads and bead caps. Gemstones, Swarovski faceted beads that are fire-polished, freshwater pearls, glass round and faceted beads, acrylic beads. Fits almost any wrist size.

check out my graphic design section for more indepth information

Let Zac Posen Be Your Inspiration for Living Room Paint Colors

Apartment in Washington Square 2015 photo by Zac Posen
Apartment in Washington Square 2015 photo by Zac Posen

Sit back and enjoy these beautiful living room paint colors

The above living room paint colors are examples from fashion designer Zac Posen. Zac became known for his glamorous ball gowns and has dressed everyone from Rihanna to Sarah Jessica Parker to Oprah Winfrey. He was raised in SoHo, Manhattan, New York. He has previously stated that his love of fashion began when he used to steal the yarmulkes at his grandparents’ synagogue because he wanted to make dresses for dolls. At 16, he enrolled in Parsons School of Design’s pre-college program, and he was given the opportunity to intern with fashion designer Nicole Miller. On November 1, 2019, House of Z and Z Spoke, the fashion brand owners of Posen’s company, announced an immediate closure of the label. In 2021, Posen has recently released a collection of genderless wedding rings.

Zac is serving up some living room paint color design ideas and photos to inspire our home decor choices. Stepping into this Washington Square Park apartment in Manhattan, you might think the sun king Louis XIV lived there. The home filled with incredible architectural details. Bright turquoise and gold gilded plaster cover the walls of a parlor. This home has an elegant, traditional feel—which makes it full of potential.

Interior design color choices for architectural highlights

The interiors aren’t the only standout feature of the apartment. There are many beautiful details, including a wood-inlaid ceiling with walnut and atomic red paint color. Hiding inside the walls are pocket doors with gold gilding on wood. The black trimmed furniture sits like a background playerthroughout. Stunning craftsmanship, and the parlor has an airy vibe that I adore (perfect for the Project Runway judge). This incredible space is the epitome of fun for cousins, friends, or even adults. The vibrant colors are perfect for your living room paint color choices.

Color palette for turquoise, complimentary, tetradic, homogenous graphic designer Nancy Tranter

Inspired by the antique Washington Square apartment I applied the turquoise and red color palette to my front door.The color is Sherwin-Williams Nifty Turquoise. The wreath was made by me nancytranter.com

Check out my graphic design blog archives here

Check out my graphic design portfolio here

Trendy Jewels this new year by Vogue White Pearl Lariat Tassell Necklace and Large White Freshwater Pearl and 24k Gold Vermeil Earring

Wishing all of you a happy New Year’s Eve! trendy fashion jewellery this new year by vogue buy an inspiration of it nancystoreonline.com at my store

Trendy Fashion Jewellery White Pearl Lariat Tassell Necklace, Gold Filled Chain, Venetian Glass, Vermeil Beads

Trendy fashion jewellery inspired necklace available at nancystoreonline.com Photo by Karen Radkai, Vogue, November 1960 White Pearl Lariat Tassell Necklace, Gold Filled Chain, Venetian Glass, Vermeil Beads
 Photo by Karen Radkai, Vogue, November 1960

The above photo showcases a gorgeous trendy fashion jewellery necklace. The necklace is AAA grade white pearl. Seed pearls are used for the tassel ends, 24k gold Vermeil Balinese Beads along with Venetian Hand Blown Glass, and Gold Plated Filigree Bead Caps. The Chain is made out of 12k gold filled.

White Pearl Lariat Tassell Necklace, Gold Filled Chain, Venetian Glass, Vermeil Beads

* Approx. length: 47″, 1,193.8mm
* Approx. width: .75″, 19mm.
* 12k gold filled chain
* 24k gold vermeil beads
* By Nancy Tranter

trendy fashion jewellery nancystroreonline.com White Pearl Lariat Tassell Necklace, Gold Filled Chain, Venetian Glass, Vermeil Beads

Large White Freshwater Pearl and 24k Gold Vermeil Earring

The hard-to-come-by colossal white freshwater pearl drop is a rare find. Truly breath-taking…the perfect earrings for any occasion. The elegance of the 17th century is expressed in this pair of high-quality earrings. The 21st century woman would find this suitable to wear.

Best known for their whimsical shapes and wide variety of sizes and colors. Notable surface texture and the glow of its luster is the main characteristic of a freshwater pearl. The nacre of a high-quality freshwater pearl does not typically have the glossy, metallic finish found in akoya pearls. The creation of a pearl starts with nucleation. Nucleation is the process of surgically implanting with 24 to 32 tiny pieces of mantle tissue.Sac formation will begin and cells will begin secreting a nacre. A formation of calcium-carbonate compound creates a pearl. The mussel deposits layer upon layer of nacre around the growing gems. This takes about 2 to 7 years.

Large White Freshwater Pearl and 24k Gold Vermeil Earring

* size .875 inches or 22.2 millimeters, width is 0.625 of an inch or 15.875mm
* weight 3 grams each. Total of 30 carats
* vermeil findings and bead (24k gold over sterling silver)
* by Nancy Tranter

For my other graphic design resources check out my category archives graphic section 

Sandalwood Bar Soap A Fool-Proof Easy Formula

sandalwood soap and tea pot

A wonderful soap for all skin types, this exfoliating bar is made with soothing sandalwood powder from India mixed throughout the bar and luscious exotic oils such as babassou oil, apricot oil, and mango seed butter is a cut above.

Sandalwood bar soap powder from India combines practicality and luxurious comfort for a wonderful bathtime experience. Sandalwood is being used for centuries now. Mostly, it is used in Ayurveda. It relieves you from any kind of cuts or wounds and improvises your skin. The additional sandalwood pencil line is not only aesthetic but a place for coarse exfoliation.

Yogurt Powder has antibacterial and antifungal properties and can rid the face and skin of impurities and the lactic acid found in Yogurt Powder will tighten and soften the complexion as well. Natural dyes such as indigo and infusion of rosehip will add health benefits rich in vitamin C, anti-inflammatory, and have antioxidant benefits


Exotic, woody and warm fragrance with hints of sandalwood, ale, and leather make this lightly scented sandalwood soap unique and delightful. A nice hard soap that will last long.
*No parabens, phthalates
*No preservatives
*No EDTA
*No sulfates
*No synthetic dyes


My soaps are made in small batches with skin-loving vegetable oils, moisturizing butter, and milk. I use only premium grade natural essential oils and absolutes, and even sophisticated fragrance oils from Givaudan, Firmenich. Natural herbal ingredients are also used for their color and properties. super fated around 5%. Due to the handmade nature of my soaps, sizes and appearances may vary from photo. Each bar will weigh approximately 4.5 – 5.5 ounces.
Available at nancystoreonline.com

One of the reasons my guy wanted some new body wash options was that he has sensitive skin. So, I was able to leave out the harsh chemicals that irritate it and now, he’s rather keen on my Sandalwood Soap, to be honest. He likes the way it smells, the manly way it looks, and, the fact that I made it for him. Makes it unique, which a handcrafted gift should be if you ask me.

Sandalwood Bar Soap Recipe by Nancy Tranter

Glucam for a fixative: Painting, Chemistry, and Perfumes

I promised a few of you that I would put up my formula for perfume (12ml) to create a cypher. finished weight approx. 1oz (29.6 ml) using Glucam for a fixative

(top) 3.6ml 30% total top 
0.25ml Glucam p-20
2.6ml Rose de Mai
.5ml Manderine
.25ml Black Tea
.25ml Black Pepper

Description of Scent: NancyPantz rose, brightness, softness, leaf and sweet woods, 

Glucam for a fixative: Painting, Chemistry, and Perfumes for Women

Glucam™ P-20 humectant is a naturally-derived, 100% active, propoxylated methyl glucose ether. It is one of the few naturally-derived cosmetic fluids that are miscible with water, alcohols, organic esters, and oils. In any product, it delivers humectancy with a lubricious, emollient feel. In alcohol-based systems, Glucam P-20 humectant reduces the stinging effect alcohol has on the skin. Equally important is fragrance-containing formulations, it acts as a fixative by subduing volatilization of the “high notes”. The light color and low odor of Glucam P-20 humectant will not interfere with the mood the fragrance is trying to communicate. It is recommended for use in hair care and skincare products.

(heart) 3ml 25% total modifier 
2ml Rose Damask
.125ml Damascone Beta
.125ml rose oxide
.25ml tuberrose
.125ml Peonile (G)
.25ml jasmine
.20ml ylang ylang

(base) 5.4ml 45% 
4.25ml white musk
0.25ml gaiacwood
0.125ml Opopanax-Sweet Myrrh Kenya resin
0.125ml Iso E Super (I)
0.25ml patchouli
.25ml sandalwood

Glucam for a fixative: Painting, Chemistry, and Perfumes for Women

I was creating a sizing for a canvas to be used to make a painting and decided it should smell good as well. I then quickly realized the beauty of the similarity between perfumes and painting joined by chemistry.  

a few perfume notes: Glucam P-20 Fixative (2-5% of your fragrance formula concentrate) for the top mid notes

Marie Curie Marie Sklodowska Curie es. esGram
Marie Curie Marie Sklodowska Curie es. esGram

Juice new undiluted mix sit an at least a few days in order to get an idea of what the scent will really be. After diluting, you need to let it sit for 4-6 weeks. Otherwise, all you will smell is alcohol if you’re using that as the carrier agent. measure this all out in ml everything by volume and refer to math formula, perfume oil 8 parts (29%) of the remaining 70%, alcohol 19 parts (95%) water 1 part (5%) This percentage is extremely important: it is, for the major part, responsible for the tenacity of the perfume. A perfume containing 20% of bases, 30% of modifiers, and 50% of top notes will lack tenacity since the percentage of bases would be relatively too low as compared with that of the more volatile modifiers and top notes. Therefore, the proportions are selected so as to obtain a balanced evolution during evaporation.

sources: The Artist’s Handbook of Materials and Techniques by Ralph Mayer, perfumersapprentice.com, two thousand formulas, recipes and Trade secrets by harry bennet F.A.I.C. #perfume #canvassizing #essentialoils #fragranceoils #nancytranterperfume